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How often do you think about whether or not your bones are healthy? Chances are, not often. It’s something we take for granted as far as our health is concerned, even though there are tons of different things that factor into great bone health. The good news is that we have control over most of these factors. Let’s take a look at what they are.


Your diet plays a huge role in bone health. From getting the important vitamins and minerals that help your bones do well to having an effect on your weight, your diet is one of the top factors in bone health.

Body Weight

Building off what we mentioned above, your body weight will affect your bone health. Too much weight puts stress on your bones, making them more prone to sprains, breaks, and fractures. Joints like your ankles are particularly prone to problems when your body weight is too high and your bones aren’t healthy.

Normal Menses

As odd as it may sound, for women who have regular, normal menstrual cycles, they’ll also have good bone health. While women can’t have complete control over their menstrual cycle, they can be aware of it and how it may affect their bone health. This allows them to make the decisions to add certain things to their diets that can help improve bone health.

Weight-Bearing Physical Activity

If you’re not in the greatest shape and spend a lot of time performing strenuous weight-bearing physical activity, your bones will pay the price. They can weaken over time and break or fracture at the worst possible moment, or possibly even lead to osteoporosis later on in life.


Another risk factor to developing osteoporosis is smoking. While we all know the easy-to-see effects of tobacco smoke, it’s often the side affects you can’t see that are the worst. This is definitely the case with smoking, since it can negatively affect your bone health.


Depending on what type of medications you take regularly, you may find that you have negative effects on your bone health. While some of this can’t be helped, you should consult with your doctor if you feel regular medications are harming your bone health.

Too Much Caffeine/Alcohol/Protein

Again, these substances are a lot like tobacco smoke – we know the major effects of them but the ones that aren’t talked about enough are the most deadly. If you take in too much caffeine, alcohol, and protein, you put your bone health at serious risk.

Inadequate UV-B Exposure

UV-B plays an integral role in bone health, and if you don’t have enough exposure, you’ll put that health at risk.

At the end of the day, there are a lot of things you can do to help improve bone health. These factors play into it, as do others. It’s important to stay aware of bone health and what you can do to improve it.

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